Opinions differ when it comes to the origin of the Bulldog. They even have differing spelling of the name. Some say its Bondogge, Boldogge, Bandogge and the final spelling is Bulldog. There are even those who dispute why he is called Bulldog.
Whatever the name or the origin, there is little doubt those centuries ago there was a canine resembling our present day Bulldog. Lighter boned and higher on leg, but with the courage, tenacity and determination that still exists today.
After bull-baiting, bear-baiting and dog fighting were prohibited in 1835, a few dedicated people worked diligently to breed out the aggressive, vicious tendencies and to modify the Bulldog to look more like we see him today, shorter faced and heavier in structure.
The size for mature dogs is about 50 pounds; for mature bitches about 40 pounds. The colour of coat should be uniform, pure of its kind and brilliant. The various colours found in the breed are red brindle solid white solid red, fawn or fallow piebald. The brindles to be perfect should have a fine, even and equal distribution of the composite colours. In brindles and solid colours a small white patch on the chest is not considered detrimental. In piebald the colour patches should be well defined, of pure colour and symmetrically distributed.
Contrary to classic cartoon parodies and nicknames of the breed, such as 'Sour-Puss', that depicted the bulldog as ferocious and wearing a spiked dog collar, the bulldog is not a vicious and gets along well with both humans (including children) and sometimes other dog breeds. Bulldogs are very friendly and playful, whilst also being stubborn and protective, characteristics, which have helped make the breed one of the unofficial symbols of the United Kingdom.